“The visa programme, which allows foreign workers to live and work in the US for up to six years, “enables the exploitation of H-1B workers, many of whom are underpaid, vulnerable to abuse, and frequently placed in poor working conditions,” a Jan. 15 report by the South Asia Center of the Atlantic Council said.
The report cited the example of Hewlett-Packard, which hired computer programmers for a meagre $10 (Rs713.20) per hour over two decades ago. And even now, wages are on the lower side. Consider this: Level 1 wages are typically 40% below the average US wage. Level 2 wages are typically 20% below the average wage. Nearly four in five H-1B applications approved by the US department of labour belong to these two lower rungs, the report said.
Indians have annually received the highest number of H-1B visas for years.
The report said it was a myth that all H-1B workers are highly-skilled workers filling a massive skills gap for roles that no American worker is available to fill”.